KEY TERMS

Adobe Acrobat Reader - Software program that allows one to review documents. Sometimes it is used to review cover designs. This software is essential to navigating through this site. This software is free and available for download at Acrobat.com.

Adobe Acrobat Suite - Software program that allows one to review and edit documents. This software is used for softproofing page proofs electronically. This software is available as necessary through your acquisitions editor.

Amber - A plug-in that allows Adobe Acrobat documents to be read within a World Wide Web browser window.

Art Manuscript - Hard copy of all line art presented and labeled in the order of its appearance in the main manuscript. The line art manuscript accompanies the art log.

ATM 1.(Asynchronous Transfer Mode) - A new standard for very-high-speed network data transmission over long and short distances. Unlike most other transmission modes, ATM has no inherent transfer-rate limit. 2.(Adobe Type Manager) A utility on Macintosh, Windows, and some UNIX computers for rendering typefaces on-screen. Adobe Acrobat requires this utility.

Bleed - A page element that extends to the trimmed edge of the finished page.

CMYK - The four process colors used in printing: cyan, magenta, yellow, and black; also describes a full-color electronic image file.

DPI - Dots per inch; a measurement of resolution (see "high-resolution").

Electronic permission - Permission to reproduce copyrighted material on a Web site or CD-ROM.

EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) - An acceptable electronic image format; typically used for photos or ads.

Fair Use - Specific circumstances in which it is permissible to use portions of copyrighted work without permission.

Fetch - Software used to upload or download files to an FTP site.

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) - A standard method of transferring files of various formats over the Internet.

First-Pass Pages - The initial set of page proofs, checked for typographical errors, errors in page layout, or grave factual errors.

Freeware - Software developed by individuals or small companies that costs nothing to use. The developer retains the copyright of the product, so freeware is not in the public domain. Many Internet utilities are freeware and shareware.

GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) - A service mark of CompuServe Incorporated. The GIF89 A specification is really a compression algorithm that allows easy transmission of drawing type graphics over the Internet.

Halftones - Photographs or ads reprinted in a book.

High-resolution (or "high-res") - Describes a high-quality electronic art file that can be reproduced in a printed book; typically images should be of 300 DPI or better at the size they will be printed to be considered high-res.

IP Address - The unique network address used by TCP/IP. A unique number consisting of 4 numbers between 0 and 255 punctuated by dots, eg.167.241.33.40. Every computer running TCP/IP has it's own unique IP number.

IP(Internet Protocol) - From TCP/IP, most commonly used in the phrase IP address. This is the Internet address of a computer.

JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts' Group) - A standard for photographic image compression. JPEG is a "lossy" compression method, which discards data from an image and interpolates the surrounding area. JPEG is also used for compressing frames of the QuickTime movie format, although it is gradually being replaced by MPEG for motion-picture compression. JPEG is capable of storing 24-bit images (millions of colors). JPEG files on the Web have the extension .jpeg or .jpg. JPEG is designed for compressing either full-color or gray-scale digital images of "natural," real-world scenes (like photographs). It does not work well on non-realistic images, such as cartoons or line drawings; this is where the gif format works best.

Leading - The amount of space between lines of type, measured from baseline to baseline.

Line Art - Artwork that requires some kind of special formatting, including flowcharts, graphs, and maps; referred to as figures or exhibits.

Low-resolution ("lo-res") - Describes an electronic art file that is not of sufficient quality to reproduce in a printed book.

Moiré Pattern - An undesirable pattern in printing, resulting from incorrect screen angles of overprinting halftones.

Page Proofs (also called "pages" or "proofs") - Typeset pages formatted, as they will appear in the printed book; may be viewed on paper or on a computer screen.

Permission - A license obtained by the user from the copyright holder to reprint or use copyrighted material, often for a fee.

Pickup - Material that is reused from a previous edition, especially artwork.

Public Domain - The absence of copyright protection (i.e., most materials published by the U.S. government).

PDF (Portable Document Format) - The file format used by Adobe Acrobat.

Screen Capture - Artwork that is taken from a computer screen, showing a Web site or software screen. Also called a Screen Grab.

Second-Pass Pages (also called "revises" or "confirmation proofs") - Checked only to ensure that errors found in first-pass pages were corrected properly.

Second Request Notice - A photocopy of the original Permission Request form with "Second Request" and the date visibly recorded. Keep a photocopy of the dated, Second Request notice in your permissions file to demonstrate a good faith effort in securing permission.

Soft Proofing - Reviewing material on a computer screen and transferring corrections electronically; typically using FTP or e-mail to transfer files, and Adobe Acrobat to review and correct them.

Slicks - Camera-ready art; high-quality original art that can be used to reproduce an image in the final printed book.

Table - Term used specifically to describe text in a tabular (column & row) format.

Tearsheet - Previously -printed material submitted as manuscript (or as art for research purposes); typically an ad or photo torn from a magazine or newspaper.

TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) - The primary protocols for transmission of files/information on the Internet. All other protocols (http,ftp, and Gopher) are built on top of TCP/IP.

TIFF (Tagged Image File Format) - An acceptable electronic image format; typically used for photos or ads.

Trap - An overlap that prevents gaps from appearing along the edges of an object in a separated image due to slight misalignment or movement of the separations on press.

WAM!Net/WAM!Gate - A private, high-speed Internet link that allows rapid transmission of large electronic files. Usually used to transfer PDF files for viewing with Adobe Acrobat.



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